PDF | On Sep 1, , Brigitte Weiffen published Brasilien – Argentinien und Argentinien – Chile: Wachsende Kooperation im Zuge der Demokratisierung | Find. Argentinien, Chile, Paraguay und Brasilien. Von Ushuaia an die Copacabana. Highlights der Rundreise. faszinierende Metropolen Buenos Aires, Santiago de. tinien – Ecuador ; Argentinien – Kolumbien ; Brasilien – Uruguay ; Bolivien – Ecuador ; Chile – Argentinien ; Uruguay – Bolivien ; Argentinien.
Argentinien, Chile, Brasilien ─ Südamerika ABCBis auf die Länder Chile und Ecuador hat Brasilien mit jedem anderen südamerikanischen Staat eine gemeinsame Grenze. Der Name Brasilien geht auf den. Argentinien, Chile, Paraguay und Brasilien. Von Ushuaia an die Copacabana. Highlights der Rundreise. faszinierende Metropolen Buenos Aires, Santiago de. 13 Tage Südamerika-Rundreise Chile - Argentinien - Brasilien ab € Südamerikareise von Santiago de Chile nach Rio de Janeiro; Deutschsprechende.
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The intermediate depression reappears becoming a fertile valley that allows agricultural development and human settlement, due to sediment accumulation.
To the south, the Cordillera de la Costa reappears in the range of Nahuelbuta while glacial sediments originate a series of lakes in the area of La Frontera.
During the last glaciation , this area was covered by ice that strongly eroded Chilean relief structures.
The Andes mountain range loses height and erosion caused by the action of glaciers has caused fjords. East of the Andes, on the continent, or north of it, on the island of Tierra del Fuego are located relatively flat plains, which in the Strait of Magellan cover large areas.
In the middle of the Pacific, the country has sovereignty over several islands of volcanic origin, collectively known as Insular Chile.
Of these, we highlight the archipelago of Juan Fernandez and Easter Island, which is located in the fracture zone between the Nazca plate and the Pacific plate known as East Pacific Rise.
Due to the characteristics of the territory, Chile is crossed by numerous rivers generally short in length and with low torrential flow.
In the center-north of the country, the number of rivers that form valleys of agricultural importance increases. Their waters mainly flow from Andean snowmelt in the summer and winter rains.
The major lakes in this area are the artificial lake Rapel, the Colbun Maule lagoon and the lagoon of La Laja. Chile's census reported a population of 17,, Its rate of population growth has been decreasing since , due to a declining birth rate.
The largest agglomerations according to the census are Greater Santiago with 5. Despite the genetic considerations, many Chileans, if asked, would self-identify as White.
The census reported , Natives, or 3. Only those that practiced their native culture or spoke their native language were considered to be Natives, irrespective of their "racial purity".
Of that number, Chile is one of 22 countries to have signed and ratified the only binding international law concerning indigenous peoples, the Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, Chile ratified it in A Chilean court decision in November considered to be a landmark ruling on indigenous rights and made use of the convention.
The earliest European immigrants were Spanish colonisers who arrived in the 16th century. In the 18th and 19th centuries, many Basques came to Chile where they integrated into the existing elites of Castilian origin.
Postcolonial Chile was never a particularly attractive destination for migrants, owing to its remoteness and distance from Europe.
Most of the immigrants to Chile during the 19th and 20th centuries came from France ,  Great Britain ,  Germany ,  and Croatia ,  among others.
Descendants of different European ethnic groups often intermarried in Chile. This intermarriage and mixture of cultures and races have helped to shape the present society and culture of the Chilean middle and upper classes.
As of [update] , The Constitution guarantees the right to freedom of religion , and other laws and policies contribute to generally free religious practice.
The law at all levels fully protects this right against abuse by either governmental or private actors. Church and state are officially separate in Chile.
A law on religion prohibits religious discrimination. However, the Roman Catholic church for mostly historical and social reasons enjoys a privileged status and occasionally receives preferential treatment.
The Spanish spoken in Chile is distinctively accented and quite unlike that of neighboring South American countries because final syllables are often dropped, and some consonants have a soft pronunciation.
That the Chilean population was largely formed in a small section at the center of the country and then migrated in modest numbers to the north and south helps explain this relative lack of differentiation, which was maintained by the national reach of radio, and now television, which also helps to diffuse and homogenize colloquial expressions.
After the Spanish invasion, Spanish took over as the lingua franca and the indigenous languages have become minority languages, with some now extinct or close to extinction.
German is still spoken to some extent in southern Chile,  either in small country side pockets or as a second language among the communities of larger cities.
Through initiatives such as the English Opens Doors Program , the government made English mandatory for students in fifth-grade and above in public schools.
Most private schools in Chile start teaching English from kindergarten. In Chile, education begins with preschool until the age of 5.
Primary school is provided for children between ages 6 and Students then attend secondary school until graduation at age Secondary education is divided into two parts: During the first two years, students receive a general education.
Then, they choose a branch: scientific humanistic education, artistic education, or technical and professional education.
Chilean education is segregated by wealth in a three-tiered system — the quality of the schools reflect socioeconomic backgrounds:.
Upon successful graduation of secondary school, students may continue into higher education. The higher education schools in Chile consist of Chilean Traditional Universities and are divided into public universities or private universities.
There are medical schools and both the Universidad de Chile and Universidad Diego Portales offer law schools in a partnership with Yale University.
The Ministry of Health Minsal is the cabinet-level administrative office in charge of planning, directing, coordinating, executing, controlling and informing the public health policies formulated by the President of Chile.
The National Health Fund Fonasa , created in , is the financial entity entrusted to collect, manage and distribute state funds for health in Chile.
It is funded by the public. All employees pay 7 percent of their monthly income to the fund. Its headquarters are in Santiago and decentralized public service is conducted by various Regional Offices.
More than 12 million beneficiaries benefit from Fonasa. Beneficiaries can also opt for more costly private insurance through Isapre.
Hospitals in Chile are mainly located in the Santiago Metropolitan Region. The Central Bank of Chile in Santiago serves as the central bank for the country.
Chile is one of South America's most stable and prosperous nations,  leading Latin American nations in human development , competitiveness, income per capita, globalization, economic freedom, and low perception of corruption.
Chile has the highest degree of economic freedom in South America ranking 7th worldwide , owing to its independent and efficient judicial system and prudent public finance management.
Sound economic policies, maintained consistently since the s, have contributed to steady economic growth in Chile and have more than halved poverty rates.
The economy remained sluggish until , when it began to show clear signs of recovery, achieving 4. Real GDP growth reached 5. GDP expanded by 5 percent in Nonetheless, economic analysts disagreed with government estimates and predicted economic growth at a median of 1.
Growth slowed to 4. The unemployment rate was 6. The privatized national pension system AFP has encouraged domestic investment and contributed to an estimated total domestic savings rate of approximately 21 percent of GDP.
Chile has signed free trade agreements FTAs with a whole network of countries, including an FTA with the United States that was signed in and implemented in January Chile's approach to foreign direct investment is codified in the country's Foreign Investment Law.
Registration is reported to be simple and transparent, and foreign investors are guaranteed access to the official foreign exchange market to repatriate their profits and capital.
Chile is rich in mineral resources, especially copper and lithium. It is thought that due to the importance of lithium for batteries for electric vehicles and stabilization of electric grids with large proportions of intermittent renewables in the electricity mix, Chile could be strengthened geopolitically.
However, this perspective has also been criticised for underestimating the power of economic incentives for expanded production in other parts of the world.
Agriculture in Chile encompasses a wide range of different activities due to its particular geography , climate and geology and human factors.
Historically agriculture is one of the bases of Chile's economy. Now agriculture and allied sectors like forestry , logging and fishing account for only 4.
Some major agriculture products of Chile include grapes , apples , pears , onions , wheat , maize , oats , peaches , garlic , asparagus , beans , beef , poultry , wool , fish , timber and hemp.
Due to its geographical isolation and strict customs policies Chile is free from diseases such as mad cow disease , fruit fly and Phylloxera.
This, its location in the Southern Hemisphere , which has quite different harvesting times from the Northern Hemisphere , and its wide range of agriculture conditions are considered Chile's main comparative advantages.
However, Chile's mountainous landscape limits the extent and intensity of agriculture so that arable land corresponds only to 2.
Chile currently utilizes 14, Hectares of agricultural land. Tourism in Chile has experienced sustained growth over the last few decades.
In , tourism grew by According to the National Service of Tourism Sernatur , 2 million people a year visit the country.
Most of these visitors come from other countries in the American continent, mainly Argentina ; followed by a growing number from the United States, Europe, and Brazil with a growing number of Asians from South Korea and China.
The main attractions for tourists are places of natural beauty situated in the extreme zones of the country: San Pedro de Atacama , in the north, is very popular with foreign tourists who arrive to admire the Incaic architecture, the altiplano lakes, and the Valley of the Moon.
For locals, tourism is concentrated mostly in the summer December to March , and mainly in the coastal beach towns. In November the government launched a campaign under the brand "Chile: All Ways Surprising" intended to promote the country internationally for both business and tourism.
Chile is home to the world renowned Patagonian Trail that resides on the border between Argentina and Chile. Chile recently launched a massive scenic route for tourism in hopes of encouraging development based on conservation.
Due to Chile's topography a functioning transport network is vital to its economy. Buses are now the main means of long-distance transportation in Chile, following the decline of its railway network.
Chile has a total of runways 62 paved and unpaved. Chile has a telecommunication system which covers much of the country, including Chilean insular and Antarctic bases.
Privatization of the telephone system began in ; Chile has one of the most advanced telecommunications infrastructure in South America with a modern system based on extensive microwave radio relay facilities and domestic satellite system with 3 earth stations.
From the period between early agricultural settlements and up to the late pre-Hispanic period, northern Chile was a region of Andean culture that was influenced by altiplano traditions spreading to the coastal valleys of the north, while southern regions were areas of Mapuche cultural activities.
Throughout the colonial period following the conquest, and during the early Republican period, the country's culture was dominated by the Spanish.
Other European influences, primarily English, French, and German began in the 19th century and have continued to this day. Music in Chile ranges from folkloric, popular and classical music.
Its large geography generates different musical styles in the north, center and south of the country, including also Easter Island and Mapuche music.
Another form of traditional Chilean song, though not a dance, is the tonada. Arising from music imported by the Spanish colonists, it is distinguished from the cueca by an intermediate melodic section and a more prominent melody.
Other important folk singer and researcher on folklore and Chilean ethnography , is Margot Loyola. Chile is a country of poets. Chile's most famous poet is Pablo Neruda , who received the Nobel Prize for Literature and is world-renowned for his extensive library of works on romance, nature, and politics.
Isabel Allende is the best-selling Chilean novelist, with 51 millions of her novels sold worldwide.
Chilean cuisine is a reflection of the country's topographical variety, featuring an assortment of seafood, beef, fruits, and vegetables.
Traditional recipes include asado , cazuela , empanadas , humitas , pastel de choclo , pastel de papas, curanto and sopaipillas.
The raw minced llama , heavy use of shellfish and rice bread were taken from native Quechua Andean cuisine, although now beef brought to Chile by Europeans is also used in place of the llama meat , lemon and onions were brought by the Spanish colonists, and the use of mayonnaise and yogurt was introduced by German immigrants, as was beer.
The folklore of Chile, cultural and demographic characteristics of the country, is the result of mixture of Spanish and Amerindian elements that occurred during the colonial period.
Due to cultural and historical reasons, they are classified and distinguished four major areas in the country: northern areas, central, southern and south.
Most of the traditions of the culture of Chile have a festive purpose, but some, such as dances and ceremonies, have religious components.
This includes Chilote mythology , Rapa Nui mythology and Mapuche mythology. In the following decades, marked milestones The deck of Death or The Enigma of Lord Street , considered the first film of a Chilean story, The transmission of presidential , the first animated film in the country, and North and South , the first sound film of Chile.
Chile's most popular sport is association football. Colo-Colo is the country's most successful football club, having both the most national and international championships, including the coveted Copa Libertadores South American club tournament.
Universidad de Chile was the last international champion Copa Sudamericana Tennis is Chile's most successful sport. At the Summer Olympics the country captured gold and bronze in men's singles and gold in men's doubles.
At the Summer Olympic Games Chile boasts a total of two gold medals tennis , seven silver medals athletics, equestrian , boxing , shooting and tennis and four bronze medals tennis, boxing and football.
In , Chile won its first Paralympic Games medal gold in Athletics. Rodeo is the country's national sport and is practiced in the more rural areas of the nation.
A sport similar to hockey called chueca was played by the Mapuche people during the Spanish conquest.
Skiing and snowboarding are practiced at ski centers located in the Central Andes, and in southern ski centers near to cities as Osorno, Puerto Varas, Temuco and Punta Arenas.
Surfing is popular at some coastal towns. Polo is professionally practiced within Chile, with the country achieving top prize in the and World Polo Championship.
The Dakar Rally off-road automobile race has been held in both Chile and Argentina since The cultural heritage of Chile consists, first, of their intangible heritage, composed of various cultural events, such as visual arts, crafts, dances, holidays, cuisine, games, music and traditions, and, secondly, by its tangible, consists of those buildings, objects and sites of archaeological, architectural, traditional, artistic, ethnographic, folkloric, historical, religious or technological scattered through Chilean territory, among them, those goods are declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO , in accordance with the provisions of the Convention concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage of , ratified by Chile in In the Cultural Heritage Day was established as a way to honour and commemorate Chiles cultural heritage.
It is an official national event celebrated in May every year. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Country in South America. This article is about the country in South America.
For other uses, see Chile disambiguation. Chilean territory in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled territory in light green. Main article: History of Chile.
See also: Prehispanic history of Chile and Origin of the Mapuche. Main articles: Conquest of Chile and Colonial Chile. See also: Chile earthquake.
Main articles: Politics of Chile and Law of Chile. Main article: Foreign relations of Chile. Country with diplomatic relations and Chilean embassy in the country.
Country with diplomatic relations and an embassy in Chile, but no Chilean embassy. Country with diplomatic relations but without ambassadors.
Country with no diplomatic relations currently. Main article: Administrative divisions of Chile. Arica and Parinacota Region.
Antofagasta Region. Atacama Region. Coquimbo Region. Santiago Metropolitan Region. O'Higgins Region. Maule Region.
Los Lagos Region. Magallanes and Chilean Antarctica Region. Antarctic Territory Claimed. Largest cities or towns in Chile Census . In , tourism contributed with 3.
Technological research in Brazil is largely carried out in public universities and research institutes, with the majority of funding for basic research coming from various government agencies.
The Brazilian Space Agency has the most advanced space program in Latin America, with significant resources to launch vehicles, and manufacture of satellites.
Brazil is one of the three countries in Latin America  with an operational Synchrotron Laboratory, a research facility on physics, chemistry, material science and life sciences, and Brazil is the only Latin American country to have a semiconductor company with its own fabrication plant , the CEITEC.
Brazil also has a large number of outstanding scientific personalities. Brazilian roads are the primary carriers of freight and passenger traffic.
The road system totaled 1. Kubitschek was responsible for the installation of major car manufacturers in the country Volkswagen , Ford and General Motors arrived in Brazil during his rule and one of the points used to attract them was support for the construction of highways.
With the implementation of Fiat in ending an automobile market closed loop, from the end of the s the country has received large foreign direct investments installing in its territory other major car manufacturers and utilities, such as Iveco , Renault , Peugeot , Citroen , Honda , Mitsubishi , Mercedes-Benz , BMW , Hyundai , Toyota among others.
Brazil's railway system has been declining since , when emphasis shifted to highway construction. The country has an extensive rail network of 28, kilometres 17, miles in length, the tenth largest network in the world.
There are about 2, airports in Brazil, including landing fields: the second largest number in the world, after the United States.
For freight transport waterways are of importance, e. The country also has 50, kilometres 31, miles of waterways.
Coastal shipping links widely separated parts of the country. Bolivia and Paraguay have been given free ports at Santos. The Brazilian public health system, the Unified Health System SUS , is managed and provided by all levels of government,  being the largest system of this type in the world.
Public health services are universal and offered to all citizens of the country for free. In , Brazil had 1. Despite all the progress made since the creation of the universal health care system in , there are still several public health problems in Brazil.
In , the main points to be solved were the high infant 2. The number of deaths from noncommunicable diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases Finally, external but preventable factors such as car accidents, violence and suicide caused The Federal Constitution and the Law of Guidelines and Bases of National Education determine that the Union , the states , the Federal District , and the municipalities must manage and organize their respective education systems.
Each of these public educational systems is responsible for its own maintenance, which manages funds as well as the mechanisms and funding sources.
According to the IBGE , in , the literacy rate of the population was Higher education starts with undergraduate or sequential courses , which may offer different options of specialization in academic or professional careers.
Depending on the choice, students can improve their educational background with courses of post-graduate studies or broad sense. Attending an institution of higher education is required by Law of Guidelines and Bases of Education.
Kindergarten , elementary and medium education are required of all students, provided the student does not hold any disability, whether physical, mental , visual or hearing.
Of the top 20 Latin American universities, eight are Brazilian. Most of them are public. Brazil's private institutions tend to be more exclusive and offer better quality education, so many high-income families send their children there.
The result is a segregated educational system that reflects extreme income disparities and reinforces social inequality.
However, efforts to change this are making impacts. The Gazeta do Rio de Janeiro , the first newspaper published in the country, began to circulate on 10 September Radio broadcasting began on 7 September , with a speech by then President Pessoa, and was formalized on 20 April with the creation of "Radio Society of Rio de Janeiro.
The first census in Brazil was carried out in and recorded a population of 9,, In the s the annual population growth rate was 2.
In , the illiteracy rate was It was highest In , the National Indian Foundation estimated that Brazil has 67 different uncontacted tribes, up from their estimate of 40 in Brazil is believed to have the largest number of uncontacted peoples in the world.
Race and ethnicity in Brazil   . Brazilian society is more markedly divided by social class lines , although a high income disparity is found between race groups , so racism and classism can be conflated.
Socially significant closeness to one racial group is taken in account more in the basis of appearance phenotypes rather than ancestry, to the extent that full siblings can pertain to different "racial" groups.
The brown population officially called pardo in Portuguese, also colloquially moreno   is a broad category that includes caboclos assimilated Amerindians in general, and descendants of Whites and Natives , mulatos descendants of primarily Whites and Afro-Brazilians and cafuzos descendants of Afro-Brazilians and Natives.
About five million people from over 60 countries migrated to Brazil between and , most of them of Portuguese , Italian , Spanish , German , Ukrainian , Polish , Jewish , Russian , Chinese , Japanese , and Arab origin.
Religion in Brazil Census. Roman Catholicism is the country's predominant faith. Brazil has the world's largest Catholic population.
Religion in Brazil was formed from the meeting of the Catholic Church with the religious traditions of enslaved African peoples and indigenous peoples.
Other Protestant branches with a notable presence in the country include the Baptists , Seventh-day Adventists , Lutherans and the Reformed tradition.
However, in the last ten years Protestantism, particularly in forms of Pentecostalism and Evangelicalism, has spread in Brazil, while the proportion of Catholics has dropped significantly.
The agreement confirmed norms that were normally complied with regarding religious education in public elementary schools which also ensures the teaching of other beliefs , marriage and spiritual assistance in prisons and hospitals.
The project was criticized by parliamentarians who understood the end of the secular state with the approval of the agreement. The official language of Brazil is Portuguese  Article 13 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Brazil , which almost all of the population speaks and is virtually the only language used in newspapers, radio, television, and for business and administrative purposes.
Brazil is the only Portuguese-speaking nation in the Americas, making the language an important part of Brazilian national identity and giving it a national culture distinct from those of its Spanish-speaking neighbors.
Brazilian Portuguese has had its own development, mostly similar to 16th-century Central and Southern dialects of European Portuguese  despite a very substantial number of Portuguese colonial settlers, and more recent immigrants , coming from Northern regions , and in minor degree Portuguese Macaronesia , with a few influences from the Amerindian and African languages , especially West African and Bantu restricted to the vocabulary only.
These differences are comparable to those between American and British English. In , the Community of Portuguese Language Countries CPLP , which included representatives from all countries with Portuguese as the official language, reached an agreement on the reform of the Portuguese orthography to unify the two standards then in use by Brazil on one side and the remaining lusophone countries on the other.
This spelling reform went into effect in Brazil on 1 January In Portugal, the reform was signed into law by the President on 21 July allowing for a six-year adaptation period, during which both orthographies will co-exist.
The remaining CPLP countries are free to establish their own transition timetables. The sign language law legally recognized in ,  the law was regulated in  the use of the Brazilian Sign Language , more commonly known by its Portuguese acronym LIBRAS, in education and government services.
The language must be taught as a part of the education and speech and language pathology curricula. Schools and health services must provide access " inclusion " to deaf people.
Minority languages are spoken throughout the nation. One hundred and eighty Amerindian languages are spoken in remote areas and a significant number of other languages are spoken by immigrants and their descendants.
There are significant communities of German mostly the Brazilian Hunsrückisch , a High German language dialect and Italian mostly the Talian , a Venetian dialect origins in the Southern and Southeastern regions, whose ancestors' native languages were carried along to Brazil, and which, still alive there, are influenced by the Portuguese language.
Brazil is the first country in South America to offer Esperanto to secondary students. The core culture of Brazil is derived from Portuguese culture , because of its strong colonial ties with the Portuguese Empire.
The culture was, however, also strongly influenced by African , indigenous and non-Portuguese European cultures and traditions. Brazilian art has developed since the 16th century into different styles that range from Baroque the dominant style in Brazil until the early 19th century   to Romanticism , Modernism , Expressionism , Cubism , Surrealism and Abstractionism.
Brazilian cinema dates back to the birth of the medium in the late 19th century and has gained a new level of international acclaim since the s.
The architecture of Brazil is influenced by Europe, especially Portugal. It has a history that goes back years to the time when Pedro Cabral discovered Brazil in Portuguese colonial architecture was the first wave of architecture to go to Brazil.
Then in the 20th century especially in Brasilia, Brazil experimented with Modernist architecture.
The colonial architecture of Brazil dates to the early 16th century when Brazil was first explored, conquered and settled by the Portuguese.
The Portuguese built architecture familiar to them in Europe in their aim to colonize Brazil. They built Portuguese colonial architecture which included churches, civic architecture including houses and forts in Brazilian cities and the countryside.
During 19th century Brazilian architecture saw the introduction of more European styles to Brazil such as Neoclassical and Gothic Revival architecture.
This was usually mixed with Brazilian influences from their own heritage which produced a unique form of Brazilian architecture. In the s the modernist architecture was introduced when Brasilia was built as new federal capital in the interior of Brazil to help develop the interior.
The architect Oscar Niemeyer idealized and built government buildings, churches and civic buildings in the modernist style.
The music of Brazil was formed mainly from the fusion of European and African elements. Popular music since the late eighteenth century began to show signs of forming a characteristically Brazilian sound, with samba considered the most typical and on the UNESCO cultural heritage list.
Choro is a very popular music instrumental style. Its origins are in 19th-century Rio de Janeiro. In spite of the name, the style often has a fast and happy rhythm, characterized by virtuosity, improvisation, subtle modulations and full of syncopation and counterpoint.
Alencar, in his long career, also treated indigenous people as heroes in the Indigenist novels O Guarani , Iracema and Ubirajara.
Brazilian cuisine varies greatly by region, reflecting the country's varying mix of indigenous and immigrant populations. This has created a national cuisine marked by the preservation of regional differences.
A typical meal consists mostly of rice and beans with beef , salad , french fries and a fried egg. Fried potatoes, fried cassava, fried banana, fried meat and fried cheese are very often eaten in lunch and served in most typical restaurants.
Brazil has a variety of desserts such as brigadeiros chocolate fudge balls , bolo de rolo roll cake with goiabada , cocada a coconut sweet , beijinhos coconut truffles and clove and romeu e julieta cheese with goiabada.
While there were national film productions during the early 20th century, American films such as Rio the Magnificent were made in Rio de Janeiro to promote tourism in the city.
Rocha's films Deus e o Diabo na Terra do Sol and Terra em Transe are considered to be some of the greatest and most influential in Brazilian film history.
The theatre in Brazil has its origins in the period of Jesuit expansion when theater was used for the dissemination of Catholic doctrine in the 16th century.
Always in this period the comedy of costume and comic production was imposed. At the end of the 19th century orchestrated dramaturgias became very popular and were accompanied with songs of famous artists like the conductress Chiquinha Gonzaga.
Already in the early 20th century there was the presence of theaters, entrepreneurs and actor companies, but paradoxically the quality of the products staggered, and only in the Brazilian theater received a boost of renewal thanks to the action of Paschoal Carlos Magno and his student's theater, the comedians group and the Italian actors Adolfo Celi , Ruggero Jacobbi and Aldo Calvo, founders of the Teatro Brasileiro de Comedia.
From the s it was attended by a theater dedicated to social and religious issues and to the flourishing of schools of dramatic art.
The most prominent authors at this stage were Jorge Andrade and Ariano Suassuna. Brazilian painting emerged in the late 16th century,  influenced by Baroque , Rococo , Neoclassicism , Romanticism , Realism , Modernism , Expressionism , Surrealism , Cubism and Abstracionism making it a major art style called Brazilian academic art.
Upon the creation of the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts , new artistic movements spread across the country during the 19th century and later the event called Week of Modern Art broke definitely with academic tradition in and started a nationalist trend which was influenced by modernist arts.
The most popular sport in Brazil is football. Volleyball , basketball , auto racing , and martial arts also attract large audiences.
In auto racing, three Brazilian drivers have won the Formula One world championship eight times. Some sport variations have their origins in Brazil: beach football ,  futsal indoor football  and footvolley emerged in Brazil as variations of football.
In martial arts, Brazilians developed Capoeira ,  Vale tudo ,  and Brazilian jiu-jitsu. At the event, the Brazil national basketball team won one of its two world championship titles.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country in South America. For other uses, see Brazil disambiguation. Largest country in South America.
Main article: Name of Brazil. Main articles: History of Brazil and Timeline of Brazilian history. Cave painting at Serra da Capivara National Park , one of the largest and oldest concentrations of prehistoric sites in the Americas.
That culture appeared to flourish between AD and AD, based on archeological studies. Main articles: Independence of Brazil and Empire of Brazil.
Main articles: Military dictatorship in Brazil and History of Brazil since M41s along the Avenida Presidente Vargas during the military government.
Protesters climbed the National Congress during the massive protests. Main article: Geography of Brazil. Main article: Climate of Brazil. Lear's macaw , endemic to Raso da Catarina , Bahia.
The Amazon rainforest , the most biodiverse rainforest in the world. Main article: Brazilian Armed Forces.
Brazilian Army Astros Main article: Foreign relations of Brazil. Main articles: Law enforcement in Brazil and Crime in Brazil.
Main articles: States of Brazil and Municipalities of Brazil. See also: Regions of Brazil. Atlantic Ocean.
Pacific Ocean. North Region. Northeast Region. Central-West Region. Southeast Region. South Region. Rio Grande do Norte.
Mato Grosso. Mato Grosso do Sul. Federal District. Minas Gerais. Rio de Janeiro. Santa Catarina. Rio Grande do Sul.
French Guiana. Main article: Economy of Brazil. Brazil is the second largest agricultural exporter in the world.
The KC , developed by Embraer. P, an oil platform of Petrobras. Main article: Energy in Brazil. Main article: Tourism in Brazil.
Bonito , Mato Grosso do Sul. The rivers in the region are known for their crystal clear waters. The city of Rio de Janeiro is featured in tourism in Brazil.
The Garganta do Diabo Walkway allows a panoramic view of the falls from the Brazilian side. Main article: Science and technology in Brazil. Main article: Transport in Brazil.
Port of Santos , the busiest port in Latin America. Main article: Health in Brazil. Main article: Education in Brazil. Main articles: Telecommunications in Brazil and Television in Brazil.
Main articles: Demographics of Brazil and Brazilians. See also: Immigration to Brazil and List of Brazilian states by population density. Main article: Race and ethnicity in Brazil.
Pardo Multiracial Black 7. Asian 1. Natives 0. Main article: Religion in Brazil. Protestantism Spiritism 2.
Other 3. No religion 8. Main articles: List of largest cities in Brazil and Municipalities of Brazil. Largest urban agglomerations in Brazil Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics estimates   .
Main article: Culture of Brazil. Main article: Architecture of Brazil. The Cathedral of Brasilia , an example of Modern architecture.
Main article: Music of Brazil. Heitor Villa-Lobos , the most widely known South American composer. Main article: Brazilian literature.
Machado de Assis , poet and novelist, founder of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. Carlos Drummond de Andrade , considered by some as the greatest Brazilian poet.
Main article: Brazilian cuisine. See also: List of Brazilian dishes. Brigadeiro is a national candy and one most and is recognized as one of the main dishes of Brazilian cuisine.
Main article: Cinema of Brazil. Festival de Gramado , the biggest film festival in the country.
Interior of the Teatro Amazonas , in Manaus. VM Uruguay 1. Alle Alle VM. Offensive Rookie of the year: Justin Jefferson.
Sao Paulo - Botafogo RJ: 1. Sassuolo - Benevento: 1. Velkomstbonus Annonce. Opret dig som ny bruger hos sport via BetXperts link herunder.
Hent din sport bonus nu. Log ind Tilmeld. Husk mig og accepter cookies. Log ind.According to the IBGEinthe literacy rate of the population was Brazil is the largest national economy in Latin Americathe world's ninth largest economy Mini Lotto Pl the Dota 2 Preisgeld largest in purchasing power parity PPP according to estimates. Portuguese language Portuguese Chile Brasilien Lusophone Lusitanic Lusophone music. Archived from the original on 27 March All other legislation and court decisions must conform to its rules. However, this perspective has also been Chile Brasilien for underestimating the power of economic incentives for expanded production in other parts of the world. Schneider, Ronald Main article: Brazilian Armed Forces. Tables 4. Retrieved 17 May Retrieved 19 October European Union. He is now Manager of the Tailor-made Department. Want to know more about travelling around the world? Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly.